A novel coronavirus, referred to as SARS-Cov2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2) was first identified in Wuhan, Hubei Province in China in December 2019. SARS-Cov2 infection causes Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
Coronaviruses are a group of related viruses that cause disease in several animal species. In humans, coronaviruses cause respiratory tract infections that are typically mild, such as some cases of the common cold. Rarer forms, such as SARS-Cov1 (which was first identified in 2003) and the virus that causes Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS, identified in 2012) are more lethal.
Exactly where COVID-19 sits on the spectrum of mild to lethal is dependent on additional data being collected and analysed. Present estimates suggest that it is more lethal than the coronavirus responsible for the common cold but less lethal than those which cause SARS or MERS.
The emergence of SARS-Cov2 was declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) on 30 January 2020 and was considered to be a global pandemic by 11 March 2020.
The COVID-19 Resource Platform has been created on behalf of the Regional Hubs of the Planetary Health Alliance by academics at Royal Holloway University of London (Northern European Hub Coordinator) and Eldoret University, Kenya (Eastern African Hub Coordinator) to collect academic resources and aggregate general advice. The Resource Platform aims to help academic researchers and public health practitioners understand the latest research on SARS-Cov2, COVID19 and their impacts.
The information has been collected and selected with a particular focus on information that will be useful for academics and practitioners in the Global South.
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This resource is managed by Students for Planetary Health, on behalf of the Planetary Health Alliance Regional Hubs.